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Presentatie longworm bij de kat

 

Behandeling:

In cats infected with Aelurostrongylusabstrusus, treatment with fenbendazole (55 mg/kg daily for 21 days (Vig and Murray, 1986) or 20 mg/ kg daily for 5 days followed by a second 5 day treatment after a five day hiatus) has been reported to be successful (Smith, 1980). Treatment of 15 cats experimentally infected with Aelurostrongylus abstrususwith fenbendazole (50 mg/kg, once daily for three days) stopped the shedding of larvae in the feces by 14 days after treatment, but a few days later, the larvae reappeared in small numbers in the feces of the infected cats (Roberson and Burke, 1980). Published reports on the efficacy of ivermectin has not produced conclusive results (Blagburn et al., 1987). However, there is a report of treatment with ivermectin (200 µg/kg followed by a second treatment with 400 µg/kg) clearing a cat of the Aelurostrongylus abstrusus infection (Kirkpatrick and Megalla, 1987).

bron: Aelurostrongylus abstrusus (Railliet, 1898) Cameron, 1927

Voorkomen in Duitsland:

Lungworm-infected dogs originated mainly from southern and western Germany. Larvae of Aelurostrongylus abstrusus were detected in 5.6% of cats from Germany. Overall, a distinct seasonal pattern in the detection of infected dogs was apparent for A. vasorum in Denmark and C. vulpis in Germany. The relatively high number of lungworm-infected dogs and cats indicate that these parasitic diseases should be considered in differential diagnosis of cases of treatment-resistant respiratory/cardiopulmonary distress.

bron: Lungworm infections (Angiostrongylus vasorum, Crenosoma vulpis, Aelurostrongylus abstrusus) in dogs and cats in Germany and Denmark in 2003–2007 Anja Taubert et al. 2008.

Het is geen zoonose

Larven in de feces vd kat zijn tot 6 mnd infectieus –> kruipen naar slakken toe. slakken worden ook gegeten door kleine diertjes maar die kleine dieren daarin ‘wacht’ de larve tot dit dier wordt opgegeten door een kat. in de maag vd kat kruipen ze door het lichaam naar de longen toe.

na 4 weken zie je ze in ontlastingsonderzoek.

Klachten zijn: niezen, ooguitvloeiing, hoesten, kortademig.